Reproductive Physiology Pre and Post Menopause: Everything You Ever Need to Know About Women’s Hormones – Simply Explained!

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Introduction to this Continuing Education Activity

We are often told that women never lived very long in the past, and because of this, menopause was not really an issue until more recent times. Well nothing could be further from the truth! In this very interesting educational activity, you will learn various perspectives about menopause beginning as far back as ancient Greece! In fact, many of the beliefs we have today are rooted in some very early notions about this transition. Understanding this suddenly puts menopause in a whole new light, one that will influence the way you approach this transition with women who are in your care.

Following the completion of this educational activity, you will be able to:
1. Describe the earliest known references to menopause found in recorded history.
2. Describe the association of menopause with mental illness, originating in the 1700’s and continuing throughout the 19th century.
3. Name various treatments prescribed for women during the 19th and early 20th centuries for the management of menopausal symptoms.
4. identify social and political factors leading to the medicalization of menopause in the early 19th century.
5. Trace the beginning development of hormone replacement therapy during the 19th and early 20th centuries.
6. Distinguish between four major perspectives on menopause prevalent during the later half of the 20th century.


1. Click on the orange link above that says “Take this course”.
2. Fill in and submit the Registration Form.
3. You will receive an email with log in instructions.

Criteria for the Successful Completion of this Educational Activity
Watch four video lessons and complete the evaluation form following the last lesson. You are required to watch each lesson before proceeding to the next one. The system will not allow you to skip lessons. Once the evaluation form is completed and submitted, you will be issued your certificate.

This activity has been submitted to the Ohio Nurses Association for approval to award contact hours. The Ohio Nurses Association (OBN-001-91) is an accredited approver by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation.

Approval does not imply endorsement by the provider, ANCC, or ONA of any products displayed in conjunction with this activity.”

This independent study was developed by: Patricia Camillo PhD,APRN, NCMP.
The author and planning committee members have declared no conflict of interest.

Disclaimer: Information in this study is intended for educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide legal and/or medical advice or to be a comprehensive compendium of evidence-based practice. For specific implementation information, please contact an appropriate professional, organization, legal source, or facility policy.
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